India

From EuWikipedia

India, officially the Republic of India, also known as Hindustān or Bhārat within the country, is a country in South Asia. It is the largest country by number of people and seventh largest country by land area.[1] India is a peninsula, and has the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It has six neighbors: Pakistan in the north-west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan in the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. Sri Lanka is nearby to the south.

The capital city of India is New Delhi. India has the second largest military force in the world and is also a nuclear weapon state.[2] India's economy became the world's fastest growing in the G20 developing nations during 2014, replacing the People's Republic of China.[3] India's literacy and wealth are also rising.[4] According to New World Wealth, India is the fifth richest country in the world with a total individual wealth of $12.6 trillion.[5][6] However, it still has many social and economic issues like poverty, pollution, social equality, religious extremism, terrorism and corruption.[7] India is a founding member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and has signed the Kyoto Protocol.

India has the third largest economy by nominal GDP, the first largest by GDP (PPP) and is on of the fastest growing major economy. India has its own space agency (ISRO) and has done various research throughout the solar system, including sending spacecraft to the Moon, Mars, and Venus. India is also a member of the G20 developing nations, and has been described as a potential superpower due to its rising economy and increase in global influence.

India has the fourth largest number of spoken languages per country in the world, only behind Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and Nigeria.[8] Most of Indians follow Hinduism at 80%, but people of different religions such as Buddhism, Sikhism and Islam also live there.[9]

National symbols

National emblem of India

The national emblem of India shows four lions standing back-to-back. The lions symbolize power, pride, confidence, and courage. Only the government can use this emblem, according to the State Emblem of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005.

Sports

Cricketers in a game in front of nearly-full stands.
A 2008 Indian Premier League Twenty20 cricket match being played between the Chennai Super Kings and Kolkata Knight Riders

Indians have excelled in hockey. They have also won eight gold, one silver, and two bronze medals at the Olympic games. However, cricket is the most popular sport in India. The Indian cricket team won the 1983 and 2011 Cricket World Cup and the 2007 ICC World Twenty20. They shared the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka and won the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. Cricket in India is controlled by the Board of Control for Cricket in India or BCCI. Domestic tournaments are the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Trophy, and the Challenger Series. There is also the Indian cricket league and Indian premier league Twenty20 competitions.

Tennis has become popular due to the victories of the India Davis Cup team. Association football is also a popular sport in northeast India, West Bengal, Goa and Kerala.[10] The Indian national football team has won the South Asian Football Federation Cup many times. Chess, which comes from India, is also becoming popular. This is with the increase in the number of Indian Grandmasters.[11] Traditional sports include kabaddi, kho kho, and gilli-danda, which are played throughout India.

References

  1. Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (2023-04-24). "India overtakes China to become world’s most populous country" (in en-GB). The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/apr/24/india-overtakes-china-to-become-worlds-most-populous-country. 
  2. "India Nuclear Forces". Federation of American Scientists. http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/india/nuke/index.html. Retrieved 11 April 2009. 
  3. "India clocks 7.5% growth in January-March quarter, becomes world's fastest growing economy". DNA India. 29 May 2015. http://www.dnaindia.com/node/2090462%20DNA,Indian%20economy%20overtaken%20china%20growth%20rate. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  4. Singh, Gyanant (16 January 2013). "Rising economic wealth and literacy behind increase of court cases, claims report". India Today. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/india-economic-wealth-literacy-rising-court-cases-report-india-today/1/242401.html. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  5. "India on 10 wealthiest country list, takes 5th spot". The Times of India. 23 August 2016. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/India-on-10-wealthiest-country-list-takes-7th-spot/articleshow/53825462.cms. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  6. "India's large population helps push it to 5th position in wealthiest nations list". The Economic Times. 23 August 2016. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/indicators/indias-large-population-helps-push-it-to-7th-position-in-wealthiest-nations-list/articleshow/53825341.cms. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  7. "Hindu extremists are 'hunting down' Muslims, with impunity" (in en). Le Monde.fr. 2023-08-25. https://www.lemonde.fr/en/international/article/2023/08/25/in-the-indian-state-of-haryana-hindu-extremists-are-hunting-down-muslims-with-impunity_6107478_4.html. 
  8. "Which countries have the most languages?". 8 February 2023. https://www.ethnologue.com/enterprise-faq/which-countries-have-most-languages. 
  9. Kramer, Stephanie. "Key findings about the religious composition of India" (in en-US). https://www.pewresearch.org/short-reads/2021/09/21/key-findings-about-the-religious-composition-of-india/. 
  10. Template:Harvnb
  11. "Anand crowned World champion". Rediff. 29 October 2008. http://www.rediff.com/sports/2008/oct/29anand.htm. Retrieved 29 October 2008. 
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